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D12: Ubiquitous Human to Human Telecommunication Systems Design, Development and Standardization

Topic: Networks
Duration: 9:45am - 5:00pm

Session Organizer/Chair:
Dr. Ryoichi Komiya, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Japan

Program of the Ubiquitous Human to Human Telecommunication Systems Design, Development and Standardization for Design and Developers Forum

30 November 2006, San Francisco, USA (in conjunction with Globecom 2006)




Ryoichi Komiya
(NICT, session chair)
Ubiquitous Human to Human Telecommunication Systems Design, Development and Standardization


Hidenori Takahashi
(KDDI Labs) ??
Lift-mouse ; simplified haptic device for human tactile sensation communication


Akiko Watanabe
(Keio University)
Space design for ubiquitous human to human telecommunication


Stewart Fallis
(BT Research Department)

The Challenges of Managing User Context within Ubiquitous Environments

Lunch break


Yoshitaka Shibata
(Iwate Prefectural University)
Feeling Communication System Using Facial Image based on Individual Model


Takashi Matsuyama
(NICT, Kyoto University)
Characteristics of dynamic structure of human verbal and nonverbal communication


Panel discussion 1
Future R&D directions for ubiquitous human to human telecommunication systems to exchange human emotions
Coffee break


Panel discussion 2
Future R&D directions for ubiquitous human to human telecommunication systems to exchange human emotions

1. Ubiquitous Human to Human Telecommunication Systems Design, Development and Standardization

This presentation summarizes the background of this forum and brief introduction of five presentations to the forum.

2. Lift-mouse ; simplified haptic device for human tactile sensation communication

Haptic technologies are now rapidly developed to communicate the tactile sensation in real time. For example, the well known PHANToM(R) is utilized for rather high-end application such as tele-operation and medical applications, which has 3 to 6 degrees of freedom of active actuators. On the other hand, simple and compact devices with fewer actuators are demanded as personal tools for usual human tactile sensation exchange. In order to express just a 3-D profile such as height and gradient of an object in a 2-D image as tactile sensation, we have developed a simplified haptic device named a Lift-mouse, which move the palm of the user's hand with only 1 or 2 actuators. First version of the Lift-mouse was composed of one linear actuator of vertical direction to give the impression of a depth distribution of a 2-D image. Second version consisted of two tilt actuators to show the gradient of 3-D profile. Interestingly, we found that only a tilt action could also express the feeling of pseudo-vertical movement with perspective visual effect. In near future, such a simplified haptic device would be widely utilized for exchange of tactile sensation between the distant places, such as haptic-phone and tactile online shopping.

3. Space design for ubiquitous human to human telecommunication

It is important to think about our surroundings with information communication technology since our life has been enclosed by the technology. Intelligent space intends to design our living space with ICT. The concept of intelligent space came from the field of robotics. In the ubiquitous telecommunication systems, distributive implementation ? sensors and actuators is essential to create natural and emotional human communication interfaces. Intelligent office space as well as home living space, these sensors and actuators would be installed within walls, ceilings and floors.

This presentation introduces briefly about the concept of intelligent architectural spaces and it also discusses sensors and actuator spaces

to pick up and regenerate human essential verbal and nonverbal information to enhance the level of mutual understanding via the telecommunication system. This also summarizes design issues of invisible sensors and optimum actuators within/on walls, ceilings and floors.

At the end of the presentation she summarizes proposed specifications of the intelligent spaces and possible applications to human to human ubiquitous telecommunication systems.

4. The Challenges of Managing User Context within Ubiquitous Environments

Since its inception in Weiser's Computer for the 21 st Century in '99, Ubiquitous Computing and technologies has yielded little real world value and has to date remained almost solely a research topic. It could be argued that one of the main reasons for this stagnation is the ability to autonomously react to the user and their surroundings commonly referred to as 'Context'. At first inspection the role of context may seem straight forward, however, upon deeper investigation, it becomes clear that in order to attain the maximum benefit, systems employing context are expected to need access to a great number of information sources. Currently, such information sources remain unattainable across legacy networking and system boundaries.

Our earlier work within the Virtual Centre of Excellence in Personal & Mobile Communications (MobileVCE) defined the concept of a user's Personal Distributed Environment (PDE) that logically encompassed the user's personal devices. The Ubiquitous Services program aims to build upon the PDE concepts and addresses the issues associated with a user-centric system that aims to adapt and hide the complexity of services for the user: In doing so user context is a key enabler. This presentation will outline two novel approaches for handling user context: The Personal Assistant Agent (PAA) and the Personal Content Manager (PCM). The PAA monitors and manages the interfaces between the user and the real world. The PCM contains the mechanisms and tools to provide the user with 'best' access to content across a heterogeneous mix of public and private devices.

5. Feeling Communication System Using Facial Image based on Individual Model

In this presentation, we propose a system for recognizing human feeling correctly in the communication on a computer network. In this system, the individual model for absorbing the individual difference in expression and recognition of individual feeling is introduced, and the expression the user by the side of reception can recognize a partner's feeling to be correctly is generated dynamically. An individual model is constituted from expression by the model showing the feature at the time of understanding feeling. This paper reports the outline of a feeling communication system, mounting by the side of composition, and evaluation of the function.

6. Characteristics of dynamic structure of human verbal and nonverbal communication
In human communication, dynamics of mutual communication, i.e. timing structure of utterances, nodding, and gestures, plays a crucial role to realize smooth natural communication. We did several experiments to explore characteristics of dynamic structure of human verbal and nonverbal communication and proposed a computational scheme named Hybrid Dynamical System for modeling complex dynamic events. In the presentation, we explain our theoretical scheme followed by several
practical demonstrations.

7-8. Panel discussion
There have been so many experimental trials of ubiquitous telecommunication systems in the world today. In this panel discussion, it is intended to seek the future R&D directions for the ubiquitous technologies applications to human to human telecommunication systems. There are still many open issues what types of sensors are really necessary when it comes to achieving to exchange human emotions between two persons as if they were talking in a real conversation. This would include psychological assessment for analyzing human effective emotional information for communication, design and development of sensors and actuators to exchange the human effective emotional information and requirements to the networks. These issues would be discussed between seven panels and audience. 

Biographies of the presenters:

1. Ryoichi Komiya
Ryoichi Komiya received the B.E. and Ph.D. degrees from Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan, in 1967 and 1986, respectively. Since 1967, he joined the Electrical Communication Labs of NTT and he has been engaged in the development of the PCM repeatered line, digital data terminal equipment, video coder/decoders, stuff multiplexers, ISDN subscriber loop transmission systems and fiber optic remote multiplexer systems. In 1992, he joined Siemens, in 1995 joined Nippon telecommunication consulting, in 1998 joined   NTT Advanced technology and in 2002 he joined Distribution and Economics University in Japan.

Since 1998 he has been with Faculty of Engineering and Faculty of Information Technology of Multimedia University, Malaysia, where he has been   responsible for research and development of next generation telecommunication systems, services, terminals, IP network, virtual education environment, e-commerce terminal, Intelligent Transport System, and smart home. He is currently with National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, where he is responsible for the ubiquitous technologies application to human to human emotion transmission, next generation network standardization activities at ITU-T and wireless LAN standardization activities at IEEE 802.

Professor Komiya is a member of IEEE and IEICE.

2. Hidenori Takahashi
Hidenori Takahashi received B.E. and M.E. degrees in Electronic Engineering from the Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan, in 1998 and 2000, respectively.   He has been a member of KDD R&D Laboratories Inc. in 2000. He had worked in the research and development on silica-based planar waveguide devices, especially the tunable chromatic dispersion compensator. Now he is currently engaged in the research and development on human interface devices, especially the haptic technologies.

Mr. Takahashi is a member of the Institute of Electronics, Information, and Communication Engineers of Japan (IEICE) and Virtual Reality Society of Japan.

3. Akiko Watanabe
Akiko Watanabe is currently an Associate professor at the Graduate school of Media and Governance in Keio University.

Akiko received her B.Domestic science for Housing study and Ph.D. from Japan Women's University in 1989 and 1999.   She also received her Master of Architecture from Columbia University in 1993.

Akiko is also an architect for the housing, office and educational space. Her research is quite unique about the intelligent architecture, these sensors and actuators would be installed within walls, ceilings and floors.

4. Stewart Fallis
Stewart Fallis received his BEng in Electronic and Electrical Engineering from Strathclyde University in Glasgow in 1997 and is currently studying a part time doctorate at Southampton University. He is now a senior researcher at BT's research department in Martlesham Heath, Ipswich where he leads a team researching Pervasive Information Architectures. His research interests include information models and architectures, identity, security, trust, context awareness, and permissions.

Stewart is also the Industrial Chairman of the Virtual Centre of Excellence in Personal and Mobile Communications (MobileVCE) where he chairs the Removing the Barrier to Ubiquitous Services program of research.

5. Yoshitaka Shibata
Yoshitaka Shibata received his Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), U.S.A. in 1985. From 1985 to 1989, he was a research member in Bell Communication Research (former AT&T Bell Laboratory), U.S.A., where he was working in the area of high-speed information network and protocol design for multimedia information services. From 1989 to 1998, he was with Information and Computer Science Department in Toyo University, Japan as a professor, where he conducts an intelligent multimedia network laboratory. Since 1998, he is working for Iwate Prefectural University, Japan as an executive director of Media Center and a professor of Faculty of Software and Information Science in the same university. His research interests include Intelligent Multimedia Networks, Kansei Information Processing, Next Generation Internet, Virtual Reality and Agent Technologies. He is a member of IEEE, ACM, Information Processing Society of Japan (IPSJ) and Institute of Electronic and Communication Engineering in Japan (IEICE).

6. Takashi Matsuyama
Takashi Matsuyama received his B. Eng., M. Eng., and D. Eng. degrees in electrical engineering from Kyoto University, Japan, in 1974, 1976, and 1980, respectively. He is currently a professor in the Department of Intelligence Science and Technology, Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University.
His research interests include knowledge-based image understanding, computer vision, 3D video, and human-computer interaction.
He wrote about 100 papers and books including two research monographs, A Structural Analysis of Complex Aerial Photographs, PLENUM, 1980 and SIGMA: A Knowledge-Based Aerial Image Understanding System, PLENUM, 1990. He won nine best paper awards from Japanese and
international academic societies including the Marr Prize at ICCV'95.
He is on the editorial board of Computer Vision and Image Understanding.
He is now leading two five years research projects on

(1) Development of High Fidelity Digitization Software for Large-Scale and Intangible Cultural Assets

(2) Foundations for Human-centered Communication in the Information Explosion Era.

The projects were started from 2004 and 2006, respectively, under the support of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology.

Norival Figueira (Hammerhead Systems) norival@ieee.org
Dilip Krishnaswamy (Intel) dilip@ieee.org



Early Registration:
30 October

Hotel Reservation Deadline:
3 November